Lithuania provides humanitarian assistance to Yemen, Syria, South Sudan and Nigeria
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania allocates EUR 20,000 in humanitarian aid for Yemen and Syria, EUR 10,000 to Nigeria and EUR 10,000 to help South Sudan.
Yemen (along with Syria and Iraq) faces one of the three largest humanitarian crisis in the world. Yemen’s humanitarian catastrophe was caused by an armed conflict, which began in 2015. The United Nations estimates that 18.8 million people in Yemen need humanitarian assistance, including 10.3 million who are in acute need. The people need lifesaving food, water, primary health care services and appropriate sanitation. Yemen’s crisis is called ‘the forgotten war’ that requires urgent attention from the international community.
At the beginning of 2017, the UN appealed for 2.1 billion U.S. dollars to provide life-saving assistance to Yemen. Lithuania will channel its aid through a fund that was established by the UN and coordinates donor assistance for Yemen. Lithuania will also announce its contribution at the High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen, which is to be held on 25 April 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Syria’s conflict has lasted for seven years now. Millions of Syrians need immediate assistance. An estimated 12.8 million people are in need of medical services. Syrians are facing catastrophic shortages of medical staff, equipment, and medicine. To respect its commitment undertaken at the conference on the support for Syria’s and the region’s future in Brussels on 5 April 2017, Lithuania’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs allocated EUR 20,000 to the World Health Organization for humanitarian aid in Syria.
In 2011, South Sudan became an independent country. In 2013, an armed conflict broke out. The country’s economic situation is poor. Famine has been declared in two counties of the country and in some areas people are facing severe food insecurity. The UN estimates that a total of 7.5 million people – more than half the country’s population – are in need of humanitarian aid and about 1.1 million children are facing acute malnutrition. Moreover, there are multiple disease outbreaks in South Sudan, as well as the risk of further spread of cholera. The country is also experiencing drought. Lithuania will channel its funds through the UN World Food Programme for humanitarian aid to vulnerable South Sudanese.
The prolonged humanitarian crisis in north-eastern Nigeria was caused by its military conflict, recurrent droughts and other environmental problems. The UN estimates that 5.8 million people in Nigeria require emergency food aid, while another 5.1 million people will be severely food insecure in 2017. An estimated 14 million people in north-eastern Nigeria are in need of humanitarian aid. 1.1 billion US dollars will be required in order to implement the UN Humanitarian Response Plan for Nigeria. So far only 5.8 percent of this amount has been acquired. Most of the funds are needed for funding food aid. The international community is being called upon to provide emergency assistance in order to avoid possible famines. Lithuania’s funds will be channelled through the UN World Food Programme.